I'm a generalist by practice with specialized training in pastoral counseling, and forensic psychology (not guilty by reason of insanity and unfit to stand trial population).  I started my career studying philosophy which is concerned with how we know (epistemology), the nature of reality (metaphysics), the nature of being (ontology), and human action (ethics).  My honors thesis compared and contrasted the reductionistic positions on religion of Sigmund Freud with the anti-reductionistic positions of William James and Soren Kierkegaard. Freud believed that faith in God would stunt human growth and development.  James & Kierkegaard, on the other hand, believed that faith in God was necessary for human growth, development and self-actualization. I began clinical practice doing psycho-social-emotional/spiritual assessments and counseling in the Major Surgery and Trauma unit at Duke University Medical Center as a Chaplain in the Pastoral Services Department, while a student at Duke University Divinity School.  The focus of my clinical work at Duke was crisis, trauma and grief counseling.  My studies in philosophy, theology, and pastoral care and counseling provide the foundation for my understanding of human nature and the human condition, including the capacity for faith, humanity's relationship to God, and human problems in living.  I studied human anatomy and physiology for a time in the months between graduating from Duke and beginning doctoral studies in Clinical Psychology in Chicago.  Having trained and competed as an amateur bodybuilder for years, I studied for and passed the American Council on Exercise Personal Trainer exam in order to help individuals and couples develop their physical selves, improve performance, and/or achieve physical fitness.  Throughout my studies in psychology, which included the clinical practice of psychology and work as a personal trainer,  I made a conscious effort to integrate psychology with philosophy and theology, as well as my understanding of the mechanics of the body with the mind (the mind-body relationship).  As a psychologist, I'm critical of the education and professional practices of psychology.  I view the subject matter of psychology to properly belong to philosophy, within the humanities rather than the sciences.  Regarding psychiatric drugs.  Experience has taught me that psychotropic drugs are often prescribed in a reckless ill-informed manner without regard to an individuals context, history, or relevant circumstances.  Consequently, informed by scientific facts, professional practice observations and experience, I've come to believe that more often than not psychotropic drugs cause more harm than good to human beings.  I take a mind-body-spirit approach to human problems, pain and suffering, and offer a caring, understanding, and empowering attitude toward emotional struggles, aspirations, and personal growth.